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  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines  
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Map of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Background:
Definition Field Listing
Disputed between France and the United Kingdom in the 18th century, Saint Vincent was ceded to the latter in 1783. Autonomy was granted in 1969 and independence in 1979.

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   Geography    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
13 15 N, 61 12 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Central America and the Caribbean
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 389 sq km (Saint Vincent 344 sq km)
land: 389 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
twice the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
84 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
tropical; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
volcanic, mountainous
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Soufriere 1,234 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
hydropower, cropland
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 17.95%
permanent crops: 17.95%
other: 64.1% (2001)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
10 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
hurricanes; Soufriere volcano on the island of Saint Vincent is a constant threat
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
pollution of coastal waters and shorelines from discharges by pleasure yachts and other effluents; in some areas, pollution is severe enough to make swimming prohibitive
Environment - international agreements:
Definition Field Listing
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is comprised of 32 islands and cays

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   People    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
117,193 (July 2004 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 27.6% (male 16,463; female 15,872)
15-64 years: 66% (male 39,827; female 37,547)
65 years and over: 6.4% (male 3,247; female 4,237) (2004 est.)
Median age:
Definition Field Listing
total: 25.8 years
male: 25.7 years
female: 26 years (2004 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
0.31% (2004 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
16.77 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
6.04 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
-7.64 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 15.24 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 16.58 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 13.86 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total population: 73.35 years
male: 71.54 years
female: 75.21 years (2004 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1.9 children born/woman (2004 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Saint Vincentian(s) or Vincentian(s)
adjective: Saint Vincentian or Vincentian
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
black 66%, mixed 19%, East Indian 6%, Carib Amerindian 2%, other 7%
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Anglican 47%, Methodist 28%, Roman Catholic 13%, Hindu Seventh-Day Adventist, other Protestant
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
English, French patois
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 96%
male: 96%
female: 96% (1970 est.)

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   Government    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
parliamentary democracy; independent sovereign state within the Commonwealth
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Kingstown
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
6 parishes; Charlotte, Grenadines, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint Patrick
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
27 October 1979 (from UK)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Independence Day, 27 October (1979)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
27 October 1979
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
based on English common law
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Sir Fredrick Nathaniel BALLANTYNE (since 2 September 2002)
head of government: Prime Minister Ralph E. GONSALVES (since 29 March 2001)
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; the governor general is appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral House of Assembly (21 seats, 15 elected representatives and 6 appointed senators; representatives are elected by popular vote from single-member constituencies to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 28 March 2001 (next to be held by July 2006)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - ULP 12, NDP 3
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based on Saint Lucia; one judge of the Supreme Court resides in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines)
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
National Reform Party or NRP [Joel MIGUEL]; New Democratic Party or NDP [Arnhim EUSTACE]; People's Progressive Movement or PPM [Ken BOYEA]; Progressive Labor Party or PLP [leader NA]; United People's Movement or UPM [Adrian SAUNDERS]; Unity Labor Party or ULP [Ralph GONSALVES] (formed by the coalition of Saint Vincent Labor Party or SVLP and the Movement for National Unity or MNU)
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
NA
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WTrO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador Ellsworth I. A. JOHN
chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016
telephone: [1] (202) 364-6730
FAX: [1] (202) 364-6736
consulate(s) general: New York
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
the US does not have an embassy in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; the US Ambassador to Barbados, Ambassador Mary E. KRAMER, is accredited to Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
three vertical bands of blue (hoist side), gold (double width), and green; the gold band bears three green diamonds arranged in a V pattern

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   Economy    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
Economic growth in this lower-middle-income country hinges upon seasonal variations in the agricultural and tourism sectors. Tropical storms wiped out substantial portions of crops in 1994, 1995, and 2002, and tourism in the Eastern Caribbean has suffered low arrivals following 11 September 2001. Saint Vincent is home to a small offshore banking sector and has moved to adopt international regulatory standards. Saint Vincent is also a large producer of marijuana and is being used as a transshipment point for illegal narcotics from South America.
GDP:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
purchasing power parity - $342 million (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0.7% (2002 est.)
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
purchasing power parity - $2,900 (2002 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 10%
industry: 26%
services: 64% (2001 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA
highest 10%: NA
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
-0.4% (2001 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
67,000 (1984 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture 26%, industry 17%, services 57% (1980 est.)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
22% (1997 est.)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $94.6 million
expenditures: $85.8 million, including capital expenditures of NA (2000 est.)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
bananas, coconuts, sweet potatoes, spices, small numbers of cattle, sheep, pigs, goats, fish
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
food processing, cement, furniture, clothing, starch
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
-0.9% (1997 est.)
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
92.48 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
86 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1,250 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2001)
Exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$38 million (2002 est.)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
bananas 39%, eddoes and dasheen (taro), arrowroot starch, tennis racquets
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
France 53.8%, UK 7%, Greece 6.5%, Spain 6.5% (2003 est.)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$174 million (2002 est.)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, chemicals and fertilizers, minerals and fuels
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
France 31.2%, US 10.3%, Singapore 10.1%, Trinidad and Tobago 9.9%, Spain 8.9%, Italy 5.5% (2003 est.)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$167.2 million (2000)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
$47.5 million (1995); note - EU $34.5 million (1998)
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
XCD
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7 (2003), 2.7 (2002), 2.7 (2001), 2.7 (2000), 2.7 (1999)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
calendar year

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   Communications    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
27,300 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
10,000 (2002)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: adequate system
domestic: islandwide, fully automatic telephone system; VHF/UHF radiotelephone from Saint Vincent to the other islands of the Grenadines
international: country code - 1-784; VHF/UHF radiotelephone from Saint Vincent to Barbados; new SHF radiotelephone to Grenada and to Saint Lucia; access to Intelsat earth station in Martinique through Saint Lucia
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 1, FM 6, shortwave 0 (2004)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
1 (plus three repeaters) (2004)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.vc
Internet hosts:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
4 (2003)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
7,000 (2002)

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   Transportation    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Highways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 1,040 km
paved: 320 km
unpaved: 720 km (1999 est.)
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
Kingstown
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing
total: 704 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 5,967,418 GRT/9,041,023 DWT
by type: bulk 120, cargo 346, chemical tanker 19, combination bulk 10, combination ore/oil 1, container 51, liquefied gas 5, livestock carrier 4, multi-functional large load carrier 4, passenger 8, petroleum tanker 31, refrigerated cargo 45, roll on/roll off 42, short-sea/passenger 9, specialized tanker 8, vehicle carrier 1
foreign-owned: Albania 1, Angola 2, Argentina 1, Australia 3, Bangladesh 3, Barbados 2, Belgium 3, Bulgaria 16, China 114, Colombia 1, Croatia 7, Cyprus 2, Denmark 13, Egypt 5, Estonia 13, France 17, Germany 10, Greece 134, Guyana 8, Hong Kong 15, Iceland 7, India 5, Indonesia 1, Israel 3, Italy 21, Kenya 5, South Korea 4, Latvia 7, Lebanon 9, Liberia 5, Lithuania 3, Malta 4, Isle of Man 1, Marshall Islands 3, Mexico 2, Monaco 6, Netherlands 9, Nigeria 8, Norway 32, Pakistan 6, Panama 3, Poland 3, Portugal 1, Puerto Rico 2, Romania 2, Russia 21, Saint Kitts and Nevis 1, Saint Lucia 1, Saudi Arabia 3, Singapore 5, Slovenia 7, Spain 1, Sweden 9, Switzerland 8, Syria 6, Taiwan 1, Thailand 1, Trinidad and Tobago 1, Turkey 23, Ukraine 8, United Kingdom 11, United States
registered in other countries: 25 (2003 est.)
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
6 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 5
914 to 1,523 m: 4
under 914 m: 1 (2003 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2003 est.)

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   Military    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
Royal Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Police Force (includes Special Service Unit), Coast Guard
Military expenditures - dollar figure:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA

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   Transnational Issues    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under UNCLOS, which permits Venezuela to extend its EEZ/continental shelf over a large portion of the Caribbean Sea
Illicit drugs:
Definition Field Listing
transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe; small-scale cannabis cultivation

Large portions of this information is from the US government open source publication "The World Factbook", other content copyright © Stratus-Pikpuk, Inc. You may use this information without permission for educational or other non-profit purposes if you refer to us as the source, contact us if you want to use this commercially.


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