Top banner
ZL's Geographycards

         
  New Caledonia  
Flag of New Caledonia
Click to enlarge
Categories Banner
  Introduction
  Geography
  People
  Government
  Economy
  Communications
  Transportation
  Military
  Transnational Issues

Anyone going to New Caledonia should first take a look at this page. New Caledonia is a country with much to know about. You really need to absorb the info on this page before going to New Caledonia .

Detailed and accurate educational information about every country in the world. Important resource for kids and adults who want to know more about geography. If you are interested in geography you should also take a look at this educational geography card game for all ages.  


Country map showing major cities and other features.


Map of New Caledonia

DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    New Caledonia
Background:
Definition Field Listing
Settled by both Britain and France during the first half of the 19th century, the island was made a French possession in 1853. It served as a penal colony for four decades after 1864. Agitation for independence during the 1980s and early 1990s has dissipated.

Learn geography the easy way by playing ZL's Geographycards (www.geographycards.com)

   Geography    New Caledonia
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
21 30 S, 165 30 E
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Oceania
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 19,060 sq km
land: 18,575 sq km
water: 485 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
slightly smaller than New Jersey
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
2,254 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
tropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot, humid
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
coastal plains with interior mountains
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Panie 1,628 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
nickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 0.38%
permanent crops: 0.33%
other: 99.29% (2001)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
160 sq km (1991)
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
cyclones, most frequent from November to March
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
erosion caused by mining exploitation and forest fires
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
consists of the main island of New Caledonia (one of the largest in the Pacific Ocean), the archipelago of Iles Loyaute, and numerous small, sparsely populated islands and atolls

Learn geography the easy way by playing ZL's Geographycards (www.geographycards.com)

   People    New Caledonia
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
213,679 (July 2004 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 29.4% (male 32,076; female 30,772)
15-64 years: 64.3% (male 69,150; female 68,310)
65 years and over: 6.3% (male 6,259; female 7,112) (2004 est.)
Median age:
Definition Field Listing
total: 27.2 years
male: 26.9 years
female: 27.5 years (2004 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
1.33% (2004 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
18.98 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
5.64 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 7.89 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 8.59 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.14 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total population: 73.78 years
male: 70.82 years
female: 76.89 years (2004 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
2.35 children born/woman (2004 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: New Caledonian(s)
adjective: New Caledonian
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
Melanesian 42.5%, European 37.1%, Wallisian 8.4%, Polynesian 3.8%, Indonesian 3.6%, Vietnamese 1.6%, other 3%
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Roman Catholic 60%, Protestant 30%, other 10%
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
French (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 91%
male: 92%
female: 90% (1976 est.)

Learn geography the easy way by playing ZL's Geographycards (www.geographycards.com)

   Government    New Caledonia
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies
conventional short form: New Caledonia
local long form: Territoire des Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependances
local short form: Nouvelle-Caledonie
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing
overseas territory of France since 1956
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Noumea
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas territory of France); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 3 provinces named Iles Loyaute, Nord, and Sud
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas territory of France); note - a referendum on independence was held in 1998 but did not pass; a new referendum is scheduled for 2014
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
28 September 1958 (French Constitution)
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
the 1988 Matignon Accords grant substantial autonomy to the islands; formerly under French law
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: President of France Jacques CHIRAC (since 17 May 1995), represented by High Commissioner Daniel CONSTANTIN (since 3 July 2002)
head of government: President of the Government Marie-Noelle THEMEREAU (since 10 June 2004)
cabinet: Consultative Committee
elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; high commissioner appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the government elected by the members of the Territorial Congress; note - last election held 29 June 2004 when Marie-Noelle THEMEREAU was elected on the third vote with 8 votes for and 3 abstentions
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral Territorial Congress or Congres Territorial (54 seats; members are members of the three Provincial Assemblies or Assemblees Provinciales elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 9 May 2004 (next to be held NA 2009)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - RPCR-UMP 16, AE 16, UNI-FLNKS 8, UE 7, FN 4, others 3
note: New Caledonia currently holds 1 seat in the French Senate; elections last held 24 September 2001 (next to be held not later than September 2007; between now and 2010 New Caledonia will gain a second seat in the French Senate); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; New Caledonia also elects 2 seats to the French National Assembly; elections last held 9 and 16 June 2002 (next to be held by June 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 2
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel; County Courts; Joint Commerce Tribunal Court; Children's Court
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Alliance pour la Caledonie or APLC [Didier LE ROUX]; Caleonian Union or UC [leader NA]; Federation des Comites de Coordination des Independantistes or FCCI [Francois BURCK]; Front National or FN [Guy GEORGE]; Front Uni de Liberation Kanak or FULK [Ernest UNE]; Kanak Socialist Front for National Liberation or FLNKS [leader NA] (includes PALIKA, UNI, UC, and UPM); Parti de Liberation Kanak or PALIKA [Paul NEAOUTYINE and Elie POIGOUNE]; Rally for Caledonia in the Republic (anti independent) or RPCR-UMP [Jacques LAFLEUR]; The Future Together or AE [leader NA]; Union Nationale pour l'Independance or UNI [Paul NEAOUTYINE]; note - may no longer exist, but Paul NEAOUTYINE has since become a president of Parti de Liberation Kanak or PALIKA; Union Progressiste Melanesienne or UPM [Victor TUTUGORO]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
NA
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
FZ, ICFTU, PIF (observer), WFTU, WMO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas territory of France)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas territory of France)
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
the flag of France is used

Learn geography the easy way by playing ZL's Geographycards (www.geographycards.com)

   Economy    New Caledonia
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
New Caledonia has about 25% of the world's known nickel resources. Only a small amount of the land is suitable for cultivation, and food accounts for about 20% of imports. In addition to nickel, substantial financial support from France - equal to more than one-fourth of GDP - and tourism are keys to the health of the economy. Substantial new investment in the nickel industry, combined with the recovery of global nickel prices, brightens the economic outlook for the next several years.
GDP:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
purchasing power parity - $3.158 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
purchasing power parity - $15,000 (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 5%
industry: 30%
services: 65% (1997 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA
highest 10%: NA
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
-0.6% (2000 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
79,400 (including 15,018 unemployed, 1996)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture 7%, industry 23%, services 70% (1999 est.)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
19% (1996)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $861.3 million
expenditures: $735.3 million, including capital expenditures of $52 million (1996 est.)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
vegetables; beef, deer, other livestock products
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
nickel mining and smelting
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
-0.6% (1996)
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1.613 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1.5 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
8,750 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2001)
Exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$448 million f.o.b. (2002)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
ferronickels, nickel ore, fish
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
Japan 21.8%, France 19.2%, Taiwan 14%, Spain 11%, South Korea 8.5%, Australia 7.2%, Italy 5.1% (2003 est.)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$1.007 billion f.o.b. (2002)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
machinery and equipment, fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
France 46.1%, Australia 9.5%, Singapore 9.3%, New Zealand 4.3% (2003 est.)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$79 million (1998 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
$880 million annual subsidy from France (1998)
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique franc (XPF); note - may adopt the euro in 2003
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
XPF
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique francs (XPF) per US dollar - 105.73 (2003), 126.72 (2002), 133.26 (2001), 129.44 (2000), 111.93 (1999)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
calendar year

Learn geography the easy way by playing ZL's Geographycards (www.geographycards.com)

   Communications    New Caledonia
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
52,000 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
80,000 (2002)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: NA
domestic: NA
international: country code - 687; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 1, FM 5, shortwave 0 (1998)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
6 (plus 25 low-power repeaters) (1997)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.nc
Internet hosts:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
4,449 (2003)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
60,000 (2003)

Learn geography the easy way by playing ZL's Geographycards (www.geographycards.com)

   Transportation    New Caledonia
Highways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 4,825 km
paved: 2,287 km
unpaved: 2,538 km (1999)
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
Mueo, Noumea, Thio
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 1,261 GRT/1,600 DWT
by type: cargo 1
foreign-owned: Malaysia 1
registered in other countries: 1 (2003 est.)
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
25 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 11
over 3,047 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 8
under 914 m: 2 (2003 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 14
914 to 1,523 m: 8
under 914 m: 6 (2003 est.)
Heliports:
Definition Field Listing
6 (2003 est.)

Learn geography the easy way by playing ZL's Geographycards (www.geographycards.com)

   Military    New Caledonia
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
no regular indigenous military forces; French Armed Forces (including Army, Navy, Air Force, Gendarmerie); Police Force
Military expenditures - dollar figure:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing
defense is the responsibility of France

Learn geography the easy way by playing ZL's Geographycards (www.geographycards.com)

   Transnational Issues    New Caledonia
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
Matthew and Hunter Islands east of New Caledonia claimed by France and Vanuatu

Large portions of this information is from the US government open source publication "The World Factbook", other content copyright © Stratus-Pikpuk, Inc. You may use this information without permission for educational or other non-profit purposes if you refer to us as the source, contact us if you want to use this commercially.


Bottom Banner