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  Mauritius  
Flag of Mauritius
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  Introduction
  Geography
  People
  Government
  Economy
  Communications
  Transportation
  Military
  Transnational Issues

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Map of Mauritius

DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Mauritius
Background:
Definition Field Listing
Discovered by the Portuguese in 1505, Mauritius was subsequently held by the Dutch, French, and British before independence was attained in 1968. A stable democracy with regular free elections and a positive human rights record, the country has attracted considerable foreign investment and has earned one of Africa's highest per capita incomes. Recent poor weather and declining sugar prices have slowed economic growth, leading to some protests over standards of living in the Creole community.

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   Geography    Mauritius
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
20 17 S, 57 33 E
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Political Map of the World
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 2,040 sq km
land: 2,030 sq km
water: 10 sq km
note: includes Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos Shoals (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
almost 11 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
177 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (May to November); hot, wet, humid summer (November to May)
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
small coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateau
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Piton 828 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
arable land, fish
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 49.26%
permanent crops: 2.96%
other: 47.78% (2001)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
200 sq km (2000 est.)
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
cyclones (November to April); almost completely surrounded by reefs that may pose maritime hazards
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
water pollution, degradation of coral reefs
Environment - international agreements:
Definition Field Listing
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
the main island, from which the country derives its name, is of volcanic origin and is almost entirely surrounded by coral reefs

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   People    Mauritius
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1,220,481 (July 2004 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 24.8% (male 152,424; female 149,908)
15-64 years: 68.8% (male 418,836; female 420,411)
65 years and over: 6.5% (male 31,104; female 47,798) (2004 est.)
Median age:
Definition Field Listing
total: 30.1 years
male: 29.3 years
female: 31.1 years (2004 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
0.81% (2004 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
15.85 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
6.82 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
-0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.65 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 15.57 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 18.36 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.73 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total population: 72.09 years
male: 68.11 years
female: 76.13 years (2004 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1.97 children born/woman (2004 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0.1% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
700 (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
less than 100 (2001 est.)
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Mauritian(s)
adjective: Mauritian
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
Indo-Mauritian 68%, Creole 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%, Franco-Mauritian 2%
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Hindu 52%, Christian 28.3% (Roman Catholic 26%, Protestant 2.3%), Muslim 16.6%, other 3.1%
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
English (official), Creole, French (official), Hindi, Urdu, Hakka, Bhojpuri
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 85.6%
male: 88.6%
female: 82.7% (2003 est.)

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   Government    Mauritius
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Republic of Mauritius
conventional short form: Mauritius
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
parliamentary democracy
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Port Louis
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
9 districts and 3 dependencies*; Agalega Islands*, Black River, Cargados Carajos Shoals*, Flacq, Grand Port, Moka, Pamplemousses, Plaines Wilhems, Port Louis, Riviere du Rempart, Rodrigues*, Savanne
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
12 March 1968 (from UK)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Independence Day, 12 March (1968)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
12 March 1968; amended 12 March 1992
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
based on French civil law system with elements of English common law in certain areas
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: President Sir Anerood JUGNAUTH (since 7 October 2003) and Vice President Abdool Raouf BUNDHUN (since 25 February 2002)
head of government: Prime Minister Paul BERENGER (since 30 September 2003)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
elections: president and vice president elected by the National Assembly for five-year terms; election last held 25 February 2002 (next to be held NA 2007); prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed by the president, responsible to the National Assembly
election results: Karl OFFMANN elected president and Raouf BUNDHUN elected vice president; percent of vote by the National Assembly - NA; note - Karl OFFMANN stepped down on 30 September 2003
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral National Assembly (66 seats; 62 elected by popular vote, 4 appointed by the election commission from the losing political parties to give representation to various ethnic minorities; members serve five-year terms)
elections: last held on 11 September 2000 (next to be held NA September 2004)
election results: percent of vote by party - MSM/MMM 52.3%, MLP/PMSD 36.9%, OPR 10.8%; seats by party - MSM/MMM 54, MLP/PMSD 6, OPR 2
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Supreme Court
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Hizbullah [Cehl Mohamed FAKEEMEEAH]; Mauritian Labor Party or MLP [Navinchandra RAMGOOLAM]; Mauritian Militant Movement or MMM [Paul BERENGER] - in coalition with MSM; Mauritian Social Democrat Party or PMSD [Charles Xavier-Luc DUVAL]; Militant Socialist Movement or MSM [Pravind JUGNAUTH] - governing party; Rodrigues Movement or MR [Joseph (Nicholas) Von MALLY]; Rodrigues Peoples Organization or OPR [Serge CLAIR]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
various labor unions
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, C, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, InOC, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, OPCW, PCA, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador Usha JEETAH
chancery: 4301 Connecticut Avenue NW, Suite 441, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 244-1491, 1492
FAX: [1] (202) 966-0983
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador John PRICE
embassy: 4th Floor, Rogers House, John Kennedy Street, Port Louis
mailing address: international mail: P. O. Box 544, Port Louis; US mail: American Embassy, Port Louis, Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-2450
telephone: [230] 202-4400
FAX: [230] 208-9534
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
four equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue, yellow, and green

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   Economy    Mauritius
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
Since independence in 1968, Mauritius has developed from a low-income, agriculturally based economy to a middle-income diversified economy with growing industrial, financial, and tourist sectors. For most of the period, annual growth has been in the order of 5% to 6%. This remarkable achievement has been reflected in more equitable income distribution, increased life expectancy, lowered infant mortality, and a much-improved infrastructure. Sugarcane is grown on about 90% of the cultivated land area and accounts for 25% of export earnings. The government's development strategy centers on expanding local financial institutions and building a domestic information telecommunications industry. Mauritius has attracted more than 9,000 offshore entities, many aimed at commerce in India and South Africa, and investment in the banking sector alone has reached over $1 billion. Mauritius, with its strong textile sector and responsible fiscal management, has been well poised to take advantage of the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA).
GDP:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
purchasing power parity - $13.85 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
4.1% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
purchasing power parity - $11,400 (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 6.1%
industry: 30.3%
services: 63.6% (2003 est.)
Investment (gross fixed):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
22.9% of GDP (2003)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
10% (2001 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA
highest 10%: NA
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
Definition Field Listing
37 (1987 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
4.2% (2003 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
560,000 (2003)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture and fishing 14%, construction and industry 36%, transportation and communication 7%, trade, restaurants, hotels 16%, finance 3%, other services 24% (1995)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
9.8% (2003 est.)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $1.122 billion
expenditures: $1.461 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2003)
Public debt:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
31.9% of GDP (2003)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
sugarcane, tea, corn, potatoes, bananas, pulses; cattle, goats; fish
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
food processing (largely sugar milling), textiles, clothing; chemicals, metal products, transport equipment, nonelectrical machinery; tourism
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
8% (2000 est.)
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1.311 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1.219 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
21,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2001)
Current account balance:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$289 million (2003)
Exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$1.965 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
clothing and textiles, sugar, cut flowers, molasses
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
France 34.3%, UK 24.3%, US 14.4%, Madagascar 4.4% (2003 est.)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$2.136 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
manufactured goods, capital equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
France 27.6%, South Africa 11.1%, India 6.4%, Germany 4.6%, China 4% (2003 est.)
Reserves of foreign exchange & gold:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$1.598 billion (2003)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$1.75 billion (2003 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
$42 million (1997)
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
Mauritian rupee (MUR)
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
MUR
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
Mauritian rupees per US dollar - 27.9015 (2003), 29.962 (2002), 29.1293 (2001), 26.2496 (2000), 25.1858 (1999)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
1 July - 30 June

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   Communications    Mauritius
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
348,200 (2003)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
462,400 (2003)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: small system with good service
domestic: primarily microwave radio relay trunk system
international: country code - 230; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean); new microwave link to Reunion; HF radiotelephone links to several countries; fiber optic submarine cable (SAT-3/WASC/SAFE) provides connectivity to Europe and Asia
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 4, FM 9, shortwave 0 (2002)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
2 (plus several repeaters) (1997)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.mu
Internet hosts:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
3,985 (2003)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
150,000 (2003)

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   Transportation    Mauritius
Highways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 1,926 km
paved: 1,868 km (including 44 km of expressways)
unpaved: 58 km (2000)
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
Port Louis
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing
total: 8 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 22,946 GRT/27,102 DWT
by type: cargo 1, combination bulk 4, passenger/cargo 1, refrigerated cargo 2
foreign-owned: Belgium 1, India 4, Switzerland 2 (2003 est.)
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
5 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 2
over 3,047 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2003 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 2
under 914 m: 1 (2003 est.)

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   Military    Mauritius
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
National Police Force (includes the paramilitary Special Mobile Force or SMF and National Coast Guard)
Military manpower - availability:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 342,482 (2004 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 172,157 (2004 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$11.2 million (2003)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0.2% (2003)

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   Transnational Issues    Mauritius
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
Mauritius claims the Chagos Archipelago (UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory), and its former inhabitants, who reside chiefly in Mauritius, were granted UK citizenship and the right to repatriation in 2001; claims French-administered Tromelin Island
Illicit drugs:
Definition Field Listing
minor consumer and transshipment point for heroin from South Asia; small amounts of cannabis produced and consumed locally; significant offshore financial industry creates potential for money laundering, but corruption levels are relatively low and the government appears generally to be committed to regulating its banking industry

Large portions of this information is from the US government open source publication "The World Factbook", other content copyright © Stratus-Pikpuk, Inc. You may use this information without permission for educational or other non-profit purposes if you refer to us as the source, contact us if you want to use this commercially.


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