Top banner
ZL's Geographycards

         
  Macau  
Flag of Macau
Click to enlarge
Categories Banner
  Introduction
  Geography
  People
  Government
  Economy
  Communications
  Transportation
  Military
  Transnational Issues

Anyone going to Macau should first take a look at this page. You need all the info you can get about Macau before you go there. You really need to absorb the info on this page before going to Macau .

Detailed and accurate educational information about every country in the world. Important resource for kids and adults who want to know more about geography. If you are interested in geography you should also take a look at this educational geography card game for all ages.  


Country map showing major cities and other features.


Map of Macau

DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Macau
Background:
Definition Field Listing
Colonized by the Portuguese in the 16th century, Macau was the first European settlement in the Far East. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and Portugal on 13 April 1987, Macau became the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China on 20 December 1999. China has promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China's socialist economic system will not be practiced in Macau, and that Macau will enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs for the next 50 years.

Learn geography the easy way by playing ZL's Geographycards (www.geographycards.com)

   Geography    Macau
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
22 10 N, 113 33 E
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Southeast Asia
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 25.4 sq km
land: 25.4 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
about 0.1 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
total: 0.34 km
regional border: China 0.34 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
41 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
not specified
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
subtropical; marine with cool winters, warm summers
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
generally flat
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
highest point: Coloane Alto 172.4 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
NEGL
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100%
note: "green areas" represent 22.4% (2001)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
NA sq km
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
typhoons
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
essentially urban; one causeway and two bridges connect the two islands of Coloane and Taipa to the peninsula on mainland

Learn geography the easy way by playing ZL's Geographycards (www.geographycards.com)

   People    Macau
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
445,286 (July 2004 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 18% (male 41,460; female 38,595)
15-64 years: 74.2% (male 157,629; female 172,810)
65 years and over: 7.8% (male 14,380; female 20,412) (2004 est.)
Median age:
Definition Field Listing
total: 35.2 years
male: 34.9 years
female: 35.4 years (2004 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
0.87% (2004 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
8.04 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
4.23 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
4.86 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
total population: 0.92 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 4.39 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.59 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.19 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total population: 82.03 years
male: 79.2 years
female: 84.99 years (2004 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0.93 children born/woman (2004 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Chinese
adjective: Chinese
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
Chinese 95%, Macanese (mixed Portuguese and Asian ancestry), Portuguese, other
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Buddhist 50%, Roman Catholic 15%, none and other 35% (1997 est.)
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
Portuguese, Chinese (Cantonese)
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.5%
male: 97.2%
female: 92% (2003 est.)

Learn geography the easy way by playing ZL's Geographycards (www.geographycards.com)

   Government    Macau
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Macau Special Administrative Region
conventional short form: Macau
local long form: Aomen Tebie Xingzhengqu (Chinese); Regiao Administrativa Especial de Macau (Portuguese)
local short form: Aomen (Chinese); Macau (Portuguese)
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing
special administrative region of China
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
limited democracy
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
none (special administrative region of China)
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
none (special administrative region of China)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
National Day (Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic of China), 1 October (1949); note - 20 December 1999 is celebrated as Macau Special Administrative Region Establishment Day
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
Basic Law, approved in March 1993 by China's National People's Congress, is Macau's "mini-constitution"
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
based on Portuguese civil law system
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
direct election 18 years of age, universal for permanent residents living in Macau for the past seven years; indirect election limited to organizations registered as "corporate voters" (257 are currently registered) and a 300-member Election Committee drawn from broad regional groupings, municipal organizations, and central government bodies
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: President of China HU Jintao (since 15 March 2003)
head of government: Chief Executive Edmund HO Hau-wah (since 20 December 1999)
cabinet: Executive Council consists of all five government secretaries, three legislators, and two businessmen
elections: chief executive chosen by a 300-member selection committee for up to two five-year terms
election results: Edmond HO Hau-wah reelected on 29 August 2004; received 296 votes in Election Committee out of 300 possible; 3 members submitted blank ballots; 1 member was absent
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral Legislative Council or LEGCO (27 seats; 10 elected by popular vote, 10 by indirect vote, and 7 appointed by the chief executive; members serve four-year terms)
elections: last held 23 September 2001 (next to be held 2005)
election results: percent of vote - NA; seats by political bloc - Entertainment Industry 3, pro-democracy 2, pro-Beijing Labor Union 2, pro-Beijing Neighborhood Association 2, pro-business 1
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
The Court of Final Appeal in the Macau Special Administrative Region
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
there are no formal political parties, however, there are civic associations that, for purposes of legislative voting, join together to form political blocs
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Catholic Church [Domingos LAM, bishop]; Macau Society of Tourism and Entertainment or STDM [Stanley HO, managing director]; Union for Democracy Development [Antonio NG Kuok-cheong, leader]
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
IMO (associate), Interpol (sub-bureau), ISO (correspondent), UNESCO (associate), WCO, WMO, WToO (associate), WTrO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (special administrative region of China)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
the US has no offices in Macau; US interests are monitored by the US Consulate General in Hong Kong
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
light green with a lotus flower above a stylized bridge and water in white, beneath an arc of five gold, five-pointed stars: one large in center of arc and four smaller

Learn geography the easy way by playing ZL's Geographycards (www.geographycards.com)

   Economy    Macau
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
Macau's well-to-do economy has remained one of the most open in the world since its reversion to China in 1999. The territory's net exports of goods and services account for roughly 41% of GDP with tourism and apparel exports as the mainstays. Although the territory was hit hard by the 1998 Asian financial crisis and the global downturn in 2001, its economy grew 9.5% in 2002. A rapid rise in the number of mainland visitors because of China's easing of restrictions on travel drove the recovery. The budget also returned to surplus in 2002 because of the surge in visitors from China and a hike in taxes on gambling profits, which generated about 70% of government revenue. The liberalization of Macao's gambling monopoly contributes to GDP growth, as the three companies awarded gambling licenses have pledged to invest $2.2 billion in the territory. Much of Macau's textile industry may move to the mainland as the Multi-Fiber Agreement is phased out. The territory may have to rely more on gambling and trade-related services to generate growth. The government estimated GDP growth at 4% in 2003 with the drop in large measure due to concerns over the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), but private sector analysts think the figure may have been higher because of the continuing boom in tourism.
GDP:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
purchasing power parity - $9.1 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
4% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
purchasing power parity - $19,400 (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 1%
industry: 12%
services: 87% (2002 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA
highest 10%: NA
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
-2.6% (2003 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
214,000 (2002)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
manufacturing 20%, construction 7%, transport and communications 6%, wholesale and retail trade 15%, restaurants and hotels 12%, gambling 7%, public sector 8%, other services and agriculture 25% (2002 est.)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
6.3% (2003)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $1.9 billion
expenditures: $1.68 billion, including capital expenditures of $194 million (2002)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
vegetables, livestock
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
tourism, gambling, clothing, textiles, electronics, footwear, toys
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1.611 billion kWh (2002)
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1.688 billion kWh (2002)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
1 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
193 million kWh (2002)
Oil - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
11,190 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2001)
Exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$2.356 billion f.o.b. (2002)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
clothing, textiles, footwear, cement, machines, and parts
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
US 49.4%, China 11.7%, Germany 8.6%, Hong Kong 7.5% (2003 est.)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$2.53 billion c.i.f. (2002)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
clothing, textiles, yarn, foodstuffs, fuel, automobiles, capital goods
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
China 39.8%, Hong Kong 21.5%, Chile 8.3%, Taiwan 5.3%, Japan 4.8% (2003 est.)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$121 million (2001 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
NA (1997)
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
pataca (MOP)
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
MOP
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
patacas per US dollar - 8.0212 (2003), 8.0334 (2002), 8.0335 (2001), 8.0259 (2000), 7.9919 (1999)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
calendar year

Learn geography the easy way by playing ZL's Geographycards (www.geographycards.com)

   Communications    Macau
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
174,600 (2003)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
364,000 (2003)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: fairly modern communication facilities maintained for domestic and international services
domestic: NA
international: country code - 853; HF radiotelephone communication facility; access to international communications carriers provided via Hong Kong and China; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean)
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 0, FM 2, shortwave 0 (1998)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
1 (2003)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.mo
Internet hosts:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
89 (2003)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
120,000 (2003)

Learn geography the easy way by playing ZL's Geographycards (www.geographycards.com)

   Transportation    Macau
Highways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 271 km
paved: 271 km
unpaved: 0 km (2000)
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
Macau
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing
none
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
1 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1
over 3,047 m: 1 (2003 est.)

Learn geography the easy way by playing ZL's Geographycards (www.geographycards.com)

   Military    Macau
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
responsibility for defense reverted to China on 20 December 1999; there are local police forces
Military manpower - availability:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 125,060 (2004 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 68,913 (2004 est.)

Learn geography the easy way by playing ZL's Geographycards (www.geographycards.com)

   Transnational Issues    Macau
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
none

Large portions of this information is from the US government open source publication "The World Factbook", other content copyright © Stratus-Pikpuk, Inc. You may use this information without permission for educational or other non-profit purposes if you refer to us as the source, contact us if you want to use this commercially.


Bottom Banner