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Map of Palmyra Atoll

DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Palmyra Atoll
Background:
Definition Field Listing
The Kingdom of Hawaii claimed the atoll in 1862, and the US included it among the Hawaiian Islands when it annexed the archipelago in 1898. The Hawaii Statehood Act of 1959 did not include Palmyra Atoll, which is now privately owned by the Nature Conservancy. This organization is managing the atoll as a nature preserve. The lagoons and surrounding waters within the 12 nautical mile US territorial seas were transferred to the US Fish and Wildlife Service and were designated a National Wildlife Refuge in January 2001.

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   Geography    Palmyra Atoll
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Oceania, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and American Samoa
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
5 52 N, 162 06 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Oceania
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 11.9 sq km
land: 11.9 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
about 20 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
14.5 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
equatorial, hot, and very rainy
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
very low
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 2 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
terrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (forests and woodlands) (2001)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
about 50 islets covered with dense vegetation, coconut trees, and balsa-like trees up to 30 meters tall

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   People    Palmyra Atoll
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
no indigenous inhabitants; 4 to 20 Nature Conservancy staff, US Fish and Wildlife staff (July 2004 est.)

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   Government    Palmyra Atoll
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Palmyra Atoll
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing
incorporated territory of the US; privately owned, but administered from Washington, DC, by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior; the Office of Insular Affairs of the US Department of the Interior continues to administer nine excluded areas comprising certain tidal and submerged lands within the 12 nm territorial sea or within the lagoon
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
the flag of the US is used

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   Economy    Palmyra Atoll
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
no economic activity

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   Transportation    Palmyra Atoll
Highways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
most of the roads and many causeways built during World War II are unserviceable and overgrown (2001)
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
West Lagoon
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
1 (2003 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2003 est.)

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   Military    Palmyra Atoll
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing
defense is the responsibility of the US

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   Transnational Issues    Palmyra Atoll
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
none

Large portions of this information is from the US government open source publication "The World Factbook", other content copyright © Stratus-Pikpuk, Inc. You may use this information without permission for educational or other non-profit purposes if you refer to us as the source, contact us if you want to use this commercially.


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