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Here is some information about Haiti . Haiti is a country with much to know about. A trip to Haiti will not be good unless you check this page out.

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Country map showing major cities and other features.


Map of Haiti

DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Haiti
Background:
Definition Field Listing
The native Arawak Amerindians - who inhabited the island of Hispaniola when it was discovered by Columbus in 1492 - were virtually annihilated by Spanish settlers within 25 years. In the early 17th century, the French established a presence on Hispaniola, and in 1697, Spain ceded to the French the western third of the island - Haiti. The French colony, based on forestry and sugar-related industries, became one of the wealthiest in the Caribbean, but only through the heavy importation of African slaves and considerable environmental degradation. In the late 18th century, Haiti's nearly half million slaves revolted under Toussaint L'OUVERTURE and after a prolonged struggle, became the first black republic to declare its independence in 1804. Haiti has been plagued by political violence for most of its history. It is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere.

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   Geography    Haiti
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
19 00 N, 72 25 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Central America and the Caribbean
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 27,750 sq km
land: 27,560 sq km
water: 190 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
slightly smaller than Maryland
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
total: 360 km
border countries: Dominican Republic 360 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
1,771 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
tropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
mostly rough and mountainous
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Chaine de la Selle 2,680 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 28.3%
permanent crops: 11.61%
other: 60.09% (2001)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
750 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
extensive deforestation (much of the remaining forested land is being cleared for agriculture and used as fuel); soil erosion; inadequate supplies of potable water
Environment - international agreements:
Definition Field Listing
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Hazardous Wastes
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
shares island of Hispaniola with Dominican Republic (western one-third is Haiti, eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic)

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   People    Haiti
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
7,656,166
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2004 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 42.2% (male 1,646,216; female 1,583,294)
15-64 years: 54.1% (male 2,018,914; female 2,124,287)
65 years and over: 3.7% (male 133,241; female 150,214) (2004 est.)
Median age:
Definition Field Listing
total: 18.1 years
male: 17.6 years
female: 18.7 years (2004 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
1.71% (2004 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
33.76 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
13.21 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
-3.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 74.38 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 79.83 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 68.65 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total population: 51.78 years
male: 50.52 years
female: 53.12 years (2004 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
4.76 children born/woman (2004 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
5.6% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
280,000 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
24,000 (2003 est.)
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Haitian(s)
adjective: Haitian
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
black 95%, mulatto and white 5%
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Roman Catholic 80%, Protestant 16% (Baptist 10%, Pentecostal 4%, Adventist 1%, other 1%), none 1%, other 3% (1982)
note: roughly half of the population practices Voodoo
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
French (official), Creole (official)
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 52.9%
male: 54.8%
female: 51.2% (2003 est.)

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   Government    Haiti
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Republic of Haiti
conventional short form: Haiti
local long form: Republique d'Haiti
local short form: Haiti
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
elected government
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Port-au-Prince
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
9 departments (departements, singular - departement); Artibonite, Centre, Grand 'Anse, Nord, Nord-Est, Nord-Ouest, Ouest, Sud, Sud-Est
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
1 January 1804 (from France)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Independence Day, 1 January (1804)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
approved March 1987; suspended June 1988 with most articles reinstated March 1989; in October 1991 government claimed to be observing the constitution; returned to constitutional rule in October 1994
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
based on Roman civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: Interim President Boniface ALEXANDER (since 29 February 2004)
note: Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE resigned as president on 29 February 2004
head of government: Interim Prime Minister Gerald LATORTUE (since 12 March 2004)
cabinet: Cabinet chosen by the prime minister in consultation with the president
elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 26 November 2000 (next to be held in 2004); prime minister appointed by the president, ratified by the National Assembly
election results: Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE elected president; percent of vote - Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE 92%
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
bicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale consists of the Senate (27 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms; one-third elected every two years) and the Chamber of Deputies (83 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
elections: Senate - last held for two-thirds of seats 21 May 2000 with runoffs on 9 July boycotted by the opposition; seven seats still disputed; election for remaining one-third held on 26 November 2000 (next to be held in 2004); Chamber of Deputies - last held 21 May 2000 with runoffs on 30 July boycotted by the opposition; one vacant seat rerun 26 November 2000 (next to be held in 2004)
election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - FL 26, independent 1; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - FL 73, MOCHRENA 3, PLB 2, OPL 1, vacant 1, other minor parties and independents 3
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Supreme Court or Cour de Cassation
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Alliance for the Liberation and Advancement of Haiti or ALAH [Reynold GEORGES]; Assembly of Progressive National Democrats or RDNP [Leslie MANIGAT]; Convention for Democratic Unity or KID [leader NA]; Convergence (opposition coalition composed of ESPACE, OPL, and MOCHRENA) [Gerard PIERRE-CHARLES, Evans PAUL, Luc MESADIEU, Victor BENOIT]; Democratic Consultation Group coalition or ESPACE [Evans PAUL, Victor BENOIT] composed of the following parties: National Congress of Democratic Movements or KONAKOM, National Progressive Revolutionary Party or PANPRA, Generation 2004, and Haiti Can; Haitian Christian Democratic Party or PDCH [Marie-France CLAUDE]; Haitian Democratic Party or PADEM [Clark PARENT]; Lavalas Family or FL [Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE]; Mobilization for National Development or MDN [Hubert DE RONCERAY]; Movement for National Reconstruction or MRN [Rene THEODORE]; Movement for the Installation of Democracy in Haiti or MIDH [Marc BAZIN]; Movement for the Organization of the Country or MOP [Gesner COMEAU and Jean MOLIERE]; National Cooperative Action Movement or MKN [Volrick Remy JOSEPH]; National Front for Change and Democracy or FNCD [Evans PAUL and Turneb DELPE]; New Christian Movement for a New Haiti or MOCHRENA [Luc MESADIEU]; Open the Gate or PLB [Renaud BERNARDIN]; Struggling People's Organization or OPL [Gerard PIERRE-CHARLES]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Autonomous Haitian Workers or CATH; Confederation of Haitian Workers or CTH; Federation of Workers Trade Unions or FOS; National Popular Assembly or APN; Papaye Peasants Movement or MPP; Popular Organizations Gathering Power or PROP; Roman Catholic Church
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
ACCT, ACP, Caricom, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU, LAES, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW (signatory), PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador Raymond VALCIN (as of December 2003)
chancery: 2311 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 332-4090
FAX: [1] (202) 745-7215
consulate(s) general: Boston, Chicago, Miami, New York, and San Juan (Puerto Rico)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador James B. FOLEY (as of September 2003)
embassy: 5 Harry S Truman Boulevard, Port-au-Prince
mailing address: P. O. Box 1761, Port-au-Prince
telephone: [509] 222-0354, 222-0368, 222-0200, 222-0612
FAX: [509] 223-1641
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
two equal horizontal bands of blue (top) and red with a centered white rectangle bearing the coat of arms, which contains a palm tree flanked by flags and two cannons above a scroll bearing the motto L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE (Union Makes Strength)

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   Economy    Haiti
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
In this poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, 80% of the population lives in abject poverty. Two-thirds of all Haitians depend on the agriculture sector, which consists mainly of small-scale subsistence farming. Following legislative elections in May 2000, fraught with irregularities, international donors - including the US and EU - suspended almost all aid to Haiti. The economy shrank an estimated 1.2% in 2001 and an estimated 0.9% in 2002. Suspended aid and loan disbursements totaled more than $500 million at the start of 2003. Haiti also suffers from rampant inflation, a lack of investment, and a severe trade deficit. The resumption of aid flows from all donors will alleviate but not end the nation's bitter economic problems. Extensive civil strife in early 2004, marked by the flight of President ARISTIDE, further impoverished Haiti.
GDP:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
purchasing power parity - $12.3 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
purchasing power parity - $1,600 (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 30%
industry: 20%
services: 50% (2001 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
80% (2003 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA
highest 10%: NA
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
37.8% (2003 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
3.6 million
note: shortage of skilled labor, unskilled labor abundant (1995)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture 66%, industry 9%, services 25%
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
widespread unemployment and underemployment; more than two-thirds of the labor force do not have formal jobs (2002 est.)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $231.6 million
expenditures: $366.7 million, including capital expenditures of NA (2003 est.)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
coffee, mangoes, sugarcane, rice, corn, sorghum, wood
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
sugar refining, flour milling, textiles, cement, light assembly industries based on imported parts
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
580 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
539.4 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
11,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2001)
Current account balance:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$-48 million (2003)
Exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$321 million f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
manufactures, coffee, oils, cocoa
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
US 83.8%, Dominican Republic 6.5%, Canada 3.5% (2003 est.)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$1.028 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
food, manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, fuels, raw materials
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
US 52.5%, Dominican Republic 5.8%, Netherlands Antilles 3.4% (2003 est.)
Reserves of foreign exchange & gold:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$73 million (2003)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$1.2 billion (1999)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
$120 million (FY02)
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
gourde (HTG)
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
HTG
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
gourdes per US dollar - 40.5 (2003), 29.2505 (2002), 24.4291 (2001), 21.1707 (2000), 16.9379 (1999)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
1 October - 30 September

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   Communications    Haiti
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
130,000 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
140,000 (2002)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: domestic facilities barely adequate; international facilities slightly better
domestic: coaxial cable and microwave radio relay trunk service
international: country code - 509; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 41, FM 26, shortwave 0 (1999)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
2 (plus a cable TV service) (1997)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.ht
Internet hosts:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
80,000 (2002)

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   Transportation    Haiti
Highways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 4,160 km
paved: 1,011 km
unpaved: 3,149 km (1999 est.)
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
Cap-Haitien, Gonaives, Jacmel, Jeremie, Les Cayes, Miragoane, Port-au-Prince, Port-de-Paix, Saint-Marc
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing
none
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
12 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 3
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2003 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 9
914 to 1,523 m: 4
under 914 m: 5 (2003 est.)

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   Military    Haiti
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
Haitian National Police (HNP)
note: the regular Haitian Army, Navy, and Air Force have been demobilized but still exist on paper until or unless they are constitutionally abolished
Military manpower - military age:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age (2004 est.)
Military manpower - availability:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 1,792,112 (2004 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 975,341 (2004 est.)
Military manpower - reaching military age annually:
Definition Field Listing
males: 97,429 (2004 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$25.8 million (2003)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0.9% (2003)

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   Transnational Issues    Haiti
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
despite efforts to control illegal migration, Haitians fleeing economic privation and civil unrest continue to cross into Dominican Republic and to sail to neighboring countries; Haiti claims US-administered Navassa Island
Illicit drugs:
Definition Field Listing
major Caribbean transshipment point for cocaine en route to the US and Europe; substantial money-laundering activity; Colombian narcotics traffickers favor Haiti for illicit financial transactions; pervasive corruption

Large portions of this information is from the US government open source publication "The World Factbook", other content copyright © Stratus-Pikpuk, Inc. You may use this information without permission for educational or other non-profit purposes if you refer to us as the source, contact us if you want to use this commercially.


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