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  Guinea  
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  Geography
  People
  Government
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  Transnational Issues

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Map of Guinea

DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Guinea
Background:
Definition Field Listing
Independent from France since 1958, Guinea did not hold democratic elections until 1993 when Gen. Lansana CONTE (head of the military government) was elected president of the civilian government. He was reelected in 1998 and again in 2003. Unrest in Sierra Leone and Liberia has spilled over into Guinea on several occasions over the past decade, threatening stability and creating humanitarian emergencies.

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   Geography    Guinea
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
11 00 N, 10 00 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Africa
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 245,857 sq km
land: 245,857 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
slightly smaller than Oregon
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
total: 3,399 km
border countries: Cote d'Ivoire 610 km, Guinea-Bissau 386 km, Liberia 563 km, Mali 858 km, Senegal 330 km, Sierra Leone 652 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
320 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
generally flat coastal plain, hilly to mountainous interior
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Nimba 1,752 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 3.63%
permanent crops: 2.58%
other: 93.79% (2001)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
950 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
deforestation; inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification; soil contamination and erosion; overfishing, overpopulation in forest region; poor mining practices have led to environmental damage
Environment - international agreements:
Definition Field Listing
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
the Niger and its important tributary the Milo have their sources in the Guinean highlands

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   People    Guinea
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
9,246,462 (July 2004 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 44.4% (male 2,075,652; female 2,032,936)
15-64 years: 52.4% (male 2,417,440; female 2,428,085)
65 years and over: 3.2% (male 127,654; female 164,695) (2004 est.)
Median age:
Definition Field Listing
total: 17.7 years
male: 17.4 years
female: 17.9 years (2004 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
2.37% (2004 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
42.26 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
15.53 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
-3.06 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: as a result of conflict in neighboring countries, Guinea is host to approximately 150,000 Liberian and Sierra Leonean refugees (2004 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 91.82 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 97.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 86.18 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total population: 49.7 years
male: 48.45 years
female: 50.99 years (2004 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
5.87 children born/woman (2004 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
3.2% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
140,000 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
9,000 (2003 est.)
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Guinean(s)
adjective: Guinean
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
Peuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10%
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Muslim 85%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 7%
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
French (official), each ethnic group has its own language
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 35.9%
male: 49.9%
female: 21.9% (1995 est.)

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   Government    Guinea
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Republic of Guinea
conventional short form: Guinea
local long form: Republique de Guinee
local short form: Guinee
former: French Guinea
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
republic
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Conakry
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
33 prefectures and 1 special zone (zone special)*; Beyla, Boffa, Boke, Conakry*, Coyah, Dabola, Dalaba, Dinguiraye, Dubreka, Faranah, Forecariah, Fria, Gaoual, Gueckedou, Kankan, Kerouane, Kindia, Kissidougou, Koubia, Koundara, Kouroussa, Labe, Lelouma, Lola, Macenta, Mali, Mamou, Mandiana, Nzerekore, Pita, Siguiri, Telimele, Tougue, Yomou
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
2 October 1958 (from France)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Independence Day, 2 October (1958)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
23 December 1990 (Loi Fundamentale)
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
based on French civil law system, customary law, and decree; legal codes currently being revised; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: President Lansana CONTE (head of military government since 5 April 1984, elected president 19 December 1993)
head of government: Prime Minister Francois Lonseny FALL (since 23 February 2004)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; candidate must receive a majority of the votes cast to be elected president; election last held 21 December 2003 (next to be held NA December 2008); the prime minister is appointed by the president
election results: Lansana CONTE reelected president; percent of vote - Lansana CONTE (PUP) 95.3%, Mamadou Boye BARRY (UPR) 4.6%
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral People's National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale Populaire (114 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 30 June 2002 (next to be held NA 2007)
election results: percent of vote by party - PUP 61.6%, UPR 26.6%, other 11.8%; seats by party - PUP 85, UPR 20, other 9
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Democratic Party of Guinea-African Democratic Rally or PDG-RDA [El Hadj Ismael Mohamed Gassim GUSHEIN]; National Union for Progress or UPN [Mamadou Bhoye BARRY]; Party for Unity and Progress or PUP [Lansana CONTE] - the governing party; People's Party of Guinea or PPG [Pascal TOLNO]; Rally for the Guinean People or RPG [Alpha CONDE]; Union for Progress and Renewal or UPR [Siradiou DIALLO]; Union for Progress of Guinea or UPG [Jean-Marie DORE, secretary-general]; Union of Republican Forces or UFR [Sidya TOURE]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
NA
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU, MINURSO, NAM, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador Rafiou Alpha Oumar BARRY
chancery: 2112 Leroy Place NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 986-4300
FAX: [1] (202) 478-3010
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador Barrie R. WALKLEY
embassy: Rue Ka 038, Conakry
mailing address: B. P. 603, Conakry
telephone: [224] 41 15 20, 41 15 21, 41 15 23
FAX: [224] 41 15 22
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
three equal vertical bands of red (hoist side), yellow, and green; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia

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   Economy    Guinea
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
Guinea possesses major mineral, hydropower, and agricultural resources, yet remains an underdeveloped nation. The country possesses over 30% of the world's bauxite reserves and is the second-largest bauxite producer. The mining sector accounted for about 75% of exports in 1999. Long-run improvements in government fiscal arrangements, literacy, and the legal framework are needed if the country is to move out of poverty. Fighting along the Sierra Leonean and Liberian borders, as well as refugee movements, have caused major economic disruptions, including a loss in investor confidence. Foreign mining companies have reduced expatriate staff, while panic buying has created food shortages and inflation in local markets. Guinea is not receiving multilateral aid. The IMF and World Bank cut off most assistance in 2003. Growth should strengthen in 2004, however, because of a slowly improving security situation and increased investor confidence.
GDP:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
purchasing power parity - $19.02 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
3% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
purchasing power parity - $2,100 (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 24.9%
industry: 38.2%
services: 36.9% (2003 est.)
Investment (gross fixed):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
21.2% of GDP (2003)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
40% (2003 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: 2.6%
highest 10%: 32% (1994)
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
Definition Field Listing
40.3 (1994)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
14.8% (2003 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
3 million (1999)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture 80%, industry and services 20% (2000 est.)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2002 est.)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $410.7 million
expenditures: $708.5 million, including capital expenditures of $NA million (2003 est.)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
rice, coffee, pineapples, palm kernels, cassava (tapioca), bananas, sweet potatoes; cattle, sheep, goats; timber
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
bauxite, gold, diamonds; alumina refining; light manufacturing and agricultural processing industries
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
3.2% (1994)
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
790.6 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
735.2 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
8,600 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2001)
Current account balance:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$-252 million (2003)
Exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$726 million f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
bauxite, alumina, gold, diamonds, coffee, fish, agricultural products
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
South Korea 21.7%, Spain 9.8%, US 9.2%, France 8.4%, Russia 8.3%, Ukraine 8.1%, Ireland 7.2%, Belgium 5.8%, Germany 5.1% (2003 est.)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$646 million f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
petroleum products, metals, machinery, transport equipment, textiles, grain and other foodstuffs
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
France 16.7%, China 9.3%, Belgium 7.1%, Italy 6.5%, Netherlands 5.4%, UK 5.4%, Cote d'Ivoire 4.8%, US 4.5% (2003 est.)
Reserves of foreign exchange & gold:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$191 million (2003)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$3.25 billion (2001 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
$359.2 million (1998)
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
Guinean franc (GNF)
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
GNF
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
Guinean francs per US dollar - NA (2003), 1,975.84 (2002), 1,950.56 (2001), 1,746.87 (2000), 1,387.4 (1999)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
calendar year

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   Communications    Guinea
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
26,200 (2003)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
111,500 (2003)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: poor to fair system of open-wire lines, small radiotelephone communication stations, and new microwave radio relay system
domestic: microwave radio relay and radiotelephone communication
international: country code - 224; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 4 (one station is inactive), FM 1 (plus 7 repeaters), shortwave 3 (2001)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
6 low-power stations (2001)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.gn
Internet hosts:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
380 (2004)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
40,000 (2003)

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   Transportation    Guinea
Railways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 837 km
standard gauge: 175 km 1.435-m gauge
narrow gauge: 662 km 1.000-m gauge (2003)
Highways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 30,500 km
paved: 5,033 km
unpaved: 25,467 km (1999 est.)
Waterways:
Definition Field Listing
1,295 km (navigable by shallow-draft native craft) (2003)
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
Boke, Conakry, Kamsar
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing
total: 3 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 5,344 GRT/5,003 DWT
by type: cargo 1, petroleum tanker 1, roll on/roll off 1
foreign-owned: Iraq 1 (2003 est.)
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
16 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 5
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 3 (2003 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 11
1,524 to 2,437 m: 6
914 to 1,523 m: 3
under 914 m: 2 (2003 est.)

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   Military    Guinea
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
Army, Navy, Air Force, Republican Guard, Presidential Guard, National Gendarmerie, General Directorate of National Police
Military manpower - availability:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 2,108,948 (2004 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 1,064,965 (2004 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$58.5 million (2003)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1.7% (2003)

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   Transnational Issues    Guinea
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
domestic fighting among disparate rebel groups in Guinea, domestic fighting among disparate rebel groups, warlords, and youth gangs in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone have created insurgencies, street violence, looting, arms trafficking, ethnic conflicts skirmishes, deaths, and refugees in border areas; in 2003, Guinea and Sierra Leone established a boundary commission to resolve a dispute over the town of Yenga

Large portions of this information is from the US government open source publication "The World Factbook", other content copyright © Stratus-Pikpuk, Inc. You may use this information without permission for educational or other non-profit purposes if you refer to us as the source, contact us if you want to use this commercially.


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