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Flag of Guadeloupe
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Map of Guadeloupe

DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Guadeloupe
Background:
Definition Field Listing
Guadeloupe has been a French possession since 1635. The island of Saint Martin is shared with the Netherlands; its southern portion is named Sint Maarten and is part of the Netherlands Antilles and its northern portion is named Saint-Martin and is part of Guadeloupe

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   Geography    Guadeloupe
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of Puerto Rico
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
16 15 N, 61 35 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Central America and the Caribbean
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 1,780 sq km
land: 1,706 sq km
water: 74 sq km
note: Guadeloupe is an archipelago of nine inhabited islands, including Basse-Terre, Grande-Terre, Marie-Galante, La Desirade, Iles des Saintes (2), Saint-Barthelemy, Iles de la Petite Terre, and Saint-Martin (French part of the island of Saint Martin)
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
10 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
total: 10.2 km
border countries: Netherlands Antilles (Sint Maarten) 10.2 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
306 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
subtropical tempered by trade winds; moderately high humidity
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
Basse-Terre is volcanic in origin with interior mountains; Grande-Terre is low limestone formation; most of the seven other islands are volcanic in origin
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Soufriere 1,484 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
cultivable land, beaches and climate that foster tourism
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 11.24%
permanent crops: 3.55%
other: 85.21% (2001)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
20 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
hurricanes (June to October); Soufriere de Guadeloupe is an active volcano
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
a narrow channel, the Riviere Salee, divides Guadeloupe proper into two islands: the larger, western Basse-Terre and the smaller, eastern Grande-Terre

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   People    Guadeloupe
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
444,515 (July 2004 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 24.4% (male 55,386; female 52,977)
15-64 years: 66.6% (male 146,772; female 149,314)
65 years and over: 9% (male 16,730; female 23,336) (2004 est.)
Median age:
Definition Field Listing
total: 31.4 years
male: 30.6 years
female: 32.3 years (2004 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
0.96% (2004 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
15.79 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
6.05 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
-0.15 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 8.83 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 10.07 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.53 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total population: 77.71 years
male: 74.56 years
female: 81.03 years (2004 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1.91 children born/woman (2004 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Guadeloupian(s)
adjective: Guadeloupe
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
black or mulatto 90%, white 5%, East Indian, Lebanese, Chinese less than 5%
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Roman Catholic 95%, Hindu and pagan African 4%, Protestant 1%
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
French (official) 99%, Creole patois
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 90%
male: 90%
female: 90% (1982 est.)

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   Government    Guadeloupe
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Department of Guadeloupe
conventional short form: Guadeloupe
local long form: Departement de la Guadeloupe
local short form: Guadeloupe
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing
overseas department of France
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Basse-Terre
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas department of France)
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas department of France)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
28 September 1958 (French Constitution)
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
French legal system
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: President Jacques CHIRAC of France (since 17 May 1995), represented by Prefect Paul GIROT DE LANGLADE (since 17 August 2004)
head of government: President of the General Council Jacques GILLOT (since 26 March 2001); President of the Regional Council Victorin LUREL (since 2 April 2004)
cabinet: NA
elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; the presidents of the General and Regional Councils are elected by the members of those councils
election results: NA
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral General Council or Conseil General (42 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms) and the unicameral Regional Council or Conseil Regional (41 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)
elections: General Council - last held 22 March 1998 (next to be held by NA 2004); Regional Council - last held 28 March 2004 (next to be held NA 2010)
election results: General Council - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - left-wing candidates 11, PS 8, RPR 8, PPDG 6, right-wing candidates 5, PCG 3, UDF 1; Regional Council (second round) - percent of vote by party - PS 58.4%, UMP 41.6%; seats by party - PS 29, UMP 12
note: Guadeloupe elects two representatives to the French Senate; elections last held NA September 1995 (next to be held NA September 2004); percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - RPR 1, FGPS 1; Guadeloupe elects four representatives to the French National Assembly; elections last held 9 June-16 June 2002 (next to be held NA 2007); percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - RPR 2, PS 1, different right parties 1
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel with jurisdiction over Guadeloupe, French Guiana, and Martinique
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Communist Party of Guadeloupe or PCG [Mona CADOCE]; FGPS [Dominique LARIFLA]; Left Radical Party or PRG [Flavien FERRANT]; Progressive Democratic Party or PPDG [Henri BANGOU]; Socialist Party or PS [Marlene MELISSE and Favrot DAVRAIN]; Union for French Democracy or UDF [Marcel ESDRAS]; Union for a Popular Movement or UMP [Robert JOYEUX]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Christian Movement for the Liberation of Guadeloupe or KLPG; General Federation of Guadeloupe Workers or CGT-G; General Union of Guadeloupe Workers or UGTG; Movement for Independent Guadeloupe or MPGI; The Socialist Renewal Movement
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
WCL, WFTU
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas department of France)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas department of France)
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
the flag of France is used

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   Economy    Guadeloupe
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
The Caribbean economy depends on agriculture, tourism, light industry, and services. It also depends on France for large subsidies and imports. Tourism is a key industry, with most tourists from the US; an increasingly large number of cruise ships visit the islands. The traditional sugarcane crop is slowly being replaced by other crops, such as bananas (which now supply about 50% of export earnings), eggplant, and flowers. Other vegetables and root crops are cultivated for local consumption, although Guadeloupe is still dependent on imported food, mainly from France. Light industry features sugar and rum production. Most manufactured goods and fuel are imported. Unemployment is especially high among the young. Hurricanes periodically devastate the economy.
GDP:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
purchasing power parity - $3.513 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
purchasing power parity - $8,000 (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 15%
industry: 17%
services: 68% (1997 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA
highest 10%: NA
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2003 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
125,900 (1997)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
27.8% (1998)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $225 million
expenditures: $390 million, including capital expenditures of $105 million (1996)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
bananas, sugarcane, tropical fruits and vegetables; cattle, pigs, goats
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
construction, cement, rum, sugar, tourism
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1.155 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1.074 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
13,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2001)
Exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$140 million f.o.b. (1997)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
bananas, sugar, rum
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
France 60%, Martinique 18%, US 4% (1999)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$1.7 billion c.i.f. (1997)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
foodstuffs, fuels, vehicles, clothing and other consumer goods, construction materials
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
France 63%, Germany 4%, US 3%, Japan 2%, Netherlands Antilles 2% (1999)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (yearend 2003 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
$NA; note - substantial annual French subsidies (1995)
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
euro (EUR); French franc (FRF)
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
EUR; FRF
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
euros per US dollar - 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001), 1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
calendar year

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   Communications    Guadeloupe
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
210,000 (2001)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
323,500 (2002)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: domestic facilities inadequate
domestic: NA
international: country code - 590; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); microwave radio relay to Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, and Martinique
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 1, FM 17, shortwave 0 (1998)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
5 (plus several low-power repeaters) (1997)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.gp
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
20,000 (2002)

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   Transportation    Guadeloupe
Highways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 2,467 km
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km (1998)
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
Basse-Terre, Gustavia (on Saint Barthelemy), Marigot, Pointe-a-Pitre
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 1,240 GRT/109 DWT
by type: passenger 1
foreign-owned: France 1
registered in other countries: 1 (2003 est.)
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
9 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 8
over 3,047 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 2
under 914 m: 5 (2003 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2003 est.)

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   Military    Guadeloupe
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
no regular military forces
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing
defense is the responsibility of France

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   Transnational Issues    Guadeloupe
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
none

Large portions of this information is from the US government open source publication "The World Factbook", other content copyright © Stratus-Pikpuk, Inc. You may use this information without permission for educational or other non-profit purposes if you refer to us as the source, contact us if you want to use this commercially.


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