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This is a page with information about Gibraltar . You need all the info you can get about Gibraltar before you go there. A trip to Gibraltar will not be good unless you check this page out.

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Country map showing major cities and other features.


Map of Gibraltar

DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Gibraltar
Background:
Definition Field Listing
Strategically important, Gibraltar was ceded to Great Britain by Spain in the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht; the British garrison was formally declared a colony in 1830. In referendums held in 1967 and 2002, Gibraltarians ignored Spanish pressure and voted overwhelmingly to remain a British dependency.

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   Geography    Gibraltar
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Southwestern Europe, bordering the Strait of Gibraltar, which links the Mediterranean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, on the southern coast of Spain
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
36 8 N, 5 21 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Europe
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 6.5 sq km
land: 6.5 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
about 11 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1.2 km
border countries: Spain 1.2 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
12 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
territorial sea: 3 nm
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
Mediterranean with mild winters and warm summers
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
a narrow coastal lowland borders the Rock of Gibraltar
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Rock of Gibraltar 426 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
none
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2001)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
NA sq km
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
limited natural freshwater resources: large concrete or natural rock water catchments collect rainwater (no longer used for drinking water) and adequate desalination plant
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
strategic location on Strait of Gibraltar that links the North Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea

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   People    Gibraltar
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
27,833 (July 2004 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 18% (male 2,554; female 2,452)
15-64 years: 66.2% (male 9,460; female 8,965)
65 years and over: 15.8% (male 1,939; female 2,463) (2004 est.)
Median age:
Definition Field Listing
total: 39 years
male: 38.8 years
female: 39.2 years (2004 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
0.19% (2004 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
10.99 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
9.05 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 5.22 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.81 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.59 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total population: 79.52 years
male: 76.65 years
female: 82.54 years (2004 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1.65 children born/woman (2004 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Gibraltarian(s)
adjective: Gibraltar
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
Spanish, Italian, English, Maltese, Portuguese
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Roman Catholic 76.9%, Church of England 6.9%, Muslim 6.9%, Jewish 2.3%, none or other 7% (1991)
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
English (used in schools and for official purposes), Spanish, Italian, Portuguese
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: NA
total population: above 80%
male: NA
female: NA

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   Government    Gibraltar
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Gibraltar
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing
overseas territory of the UK
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Gibraltar
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas territory of the UK)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
National Day, 10 September (1967); note - day of the national referendum to decide whether to remain with the UK or go with Spain
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
30 May 1969
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
English law
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal, plus other UK subjects who have been residents six months or more
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor and Commander-in-Chief Sir Francis RICHARDS (since 27 May 2003)
head of government: Chief Minister Peter CARUANA (since 17 May 1996)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed from among the 15 elected members of the House of Assembly by the governor in consultation with the chief minister
elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed chief minister by the governor
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral House of Assembly (18 seats - 15 elected by popular vote, one appointed for the Speaker, and two ex officio members; members serve four-year terms)
elections: last held 27 November 2003 (next to be held not later than NA 2007)
election results: percent of vote by party - GSD 58%, GSLP 41%; seats by party - GSD 8, GSLP 7
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Supreme Court; Court of Appeal
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Gibraltar Liberal Party [Joseph GARCIA]; Gibraltar Social Democrats or GSD [Peter CARUANA]; Gibraltar Socialist Labor Party or GSLP [Joseph John BOSSANO]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Chamber of Commerce; Gibraltar Representatives Organization; Women's Association
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
Interpol (subbureau)
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
two horizontal bands of white (top, double width) and red with a three-towered red castle in the center of the white band; hanging from the castle gate is a gold key centered in the red band

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   Economy    Gibraltar
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
Gibraltar benefits from an extensive shipping trade, offshore banking, and its position as an international conference center. The British military presence has been sharply reduced and now contributes about 7% to the local economy, compared with 60% in 1984. The financial sector, tourism (almost 5 million visitors in 1998), shipping services fees, and duties on consumer goods also generate revenue. The financial sector, the shipping sector, and tourism each contribute 25%-30% of GDP. Telecommunications accounts for another 10%. In recent years, Gibraltar has seen major structural change from a public to a private sector economy, but changes in government spending still have a major impact on the level of employment.
GDP:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
purchasing power parity - $500 million (1997 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
purchasing power parity - $17,500 (1997 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: NA
industry: NA
services: NA (2002 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA
highest 10%: NA
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1.5% (1998)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
14,800 (including non-Gibraltar laborers) (1999)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture negligible, industry 40%, services 60%
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
2% (2001 est.)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $307 million
expenditures: $284 million, including capital expenditures of NA (FY00/01 est.)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
none
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
tourism, banking and finance, ship repairing, tobacco
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
100 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
93 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
42,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2001)
Exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$136 million f.o.b. (2002)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
(principally reexports) petroleum 51%, manufactured goods 41%, other 8%
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
Germany 23.4%, France 22.7%, Switzerland 16.5%, UK 13.1%, Turkmenistan 8.6%, Spain 5.2% (2003 est.)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$1.743 billion c.i.f. (2002)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
fuels, manufactured goods, and foodstuffs
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
Spain 27.9%, UK 15.6%, Russia 8.6%, Italy 6.9%, Netherlands 6.8%, France 5.6%, Germany 4.8%, Japan 4.1% (2003 est.)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2000 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
Gibraltar pound (GIP)
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
GIP
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
Gibraltar pounds per US dollar - 0.6661 (2002), 0.6944 (2001), 0.6596 (2000), 0.6180 (1999), 0.6037 (1998); note - the Gibraltar pound is at par with the British pound
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
1 July - 30 June

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   Communications    Gibraltar
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
24,512 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
9,797 (2002)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: adequate, automatic domestic system and adequate international facilities
domestic: automatic exchange facilities
international: country code - 350; radiotelephone; microwave radio relay; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 1, FM 5, shortwave 0 (1998)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
1 (plus three low-power repeaters) (1997)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.gi
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
6,200 (2002)

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   Transportation    Gibraltar
Highways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 29 km
paved: 29 km
unpaved: 0 km (2002)
Pipelines:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
Gibraltar
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing
total: 133 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 980,636 GRT/1,254,661 DWT
by type: bulk 3, cargo 69, chemical tanker 14, container 27, multi-functional large load carrier 3, passenger 2, petroleum tanker 13, roll on/roll off 2
foreign-owned: Belgium 1, Cyprus 3, Denmark 1, Estonia 1, France 1, Germany 92, Greece 11, Hong Kong 2, Iceland 1, Monaco 4, Norway 6, Spain 1, United Kingdom 6, United States 2
registered in other countries: 4 (2003 est.)
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
1 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2003 est.)

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   Military    Gibraltar
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
Royal Gibraltar Regiment
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing
defense is the responsibility of the UK; the last British regular infantry forces left Gibraltar in 1992, replaced by the Royal Gibraltar Regiment

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   Transnational Issues    Gibraltar
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
since Gibraltar residents voted overwhelmingly by referendum in 2003 against a "total shared sovereignty" arrangement, talks between the UK and Spain over the fate of the 300-year-old UK colony have stalled; Spain disapproves of UK plans to grant Gibraltar greater autonomy

Large portions of this information is from the US government open source publication "The World Factbook", other content copyright © Stratus-Pikpuk, Inc. You may use this information without permission for educational or other non-profit purposes if you refer to us as the source, contact us if you want to use this commercially.


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