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Map of French Guiana

DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    French Guiana
Background:
Definition Field Listing
First settled by the French in 1604, French Guiana was the site of notorious penal settlements until 1951. The European Space Agency launches its communication satellites from Kourou.

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   Geography    French Guiana
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Brazil and Suriname
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
4 00 N, 53 00 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
South America
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 91,000 sq km
land: 89,150 sq km
water: 1,850 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
slightly smaller than Indiana
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1,183 km
border countries: Brazil 673 km, Suriname 510 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
378 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
tropical; hot, humid; little seasonal temperature variation
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Bellevue de l'Inini 851 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
bauxite, timber, gold (widely scattered), petroleum, kaolin, fish, niobium, tantalum, clay
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 0.14%
permanent crops: 0.05%
other: 99.81% (90% forest, 10% other) (2001)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
20 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
high frequency of heavy showers and severe thunderstorms; flooding
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
mostly an unsettled wilderness; the only non-independent portion of the South American continent

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   People    French Guiana
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
191,309 (July 2004 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 29.6% (male 28,959; female 27,657)
15-64 years: 64.5% (male 66,388; female 57,020)
65 years and over: 5.9% (male 5,736; female 5,549) (2004 est.)
Median age:
Definition Field Listing
total: 28.3 years
male: 29.4 years
female: 27.2 years (2004 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
2.25% (2004 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
21 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
4.82 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
6.27 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.16 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.03 male(s)/female
total population: 1.12 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 12.46 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 13.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 11.58 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total population: 76.89 years
male: 73.57 years
female: 80.38 years (2004 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
3.05 children born/woman (2004 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: French Guianese (singular and plural)
adjective: French Guianese
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
black or mulatto 66%, white 12%, East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian 12%, other 10%
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Roman Catholic
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
French
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 83%
male: 84%
female: 82% (1982 est.)

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   Government    French Guiana
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Department of Guiana
conventional short form: French Guiana
local long form: none
local short form: Guyane
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing
overseas department of France
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Cayenne
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas department of France)
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas department of France)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
28 September 1958 (French Constitution)
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
French legal system
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: President Jacques CHIRAC of France (since 17 May 1995), represented by Prefect Ange MANCINI (since 31 July 2002)
head of government: President of the General Council Joseph HO-TEN-YOU (since 26 March 2001); President of the Regional Council Antoine KARAM (since 22 March 1992)
cabinet: NA
elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; presidents of the General and Regional Councils are appointed by the members of those councils
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral General Council or Conseil General (19 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms) and a unicameral Regional Council or Conseil Regional (31 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)
elections: General Council - last held NA March 2000 (next to be held NA 2006); Regional Council - last held 15 March 1998 (next to be held NA 2004)
election results: General Council - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PSG 5, various left-wing parties 5, independents 7, other 2; Regional Council - percent of vote by party - PS 28.28%, various left parties 22.56%, RPR 15.91%, independents 8.6%, Walwari Committee 6%; seats by party - PS 11, various left parties 9, RPR 6, independents 3, Walwari Committee 2
note: one seat was elected to the French Senate on 27 September 1998 (next to be held NA September 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; 2 seats were elected to the French National Assembly on 9 June-16 June 2002 (next to be held NA 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP/RPR 1, Walwari Committee 1
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Court of Appeals or Cour d'Appel (highest local court based in Martinique with jurisdiction over Martinique, Guadeloupe, and French Guiana)
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Guyanese Democratic Action or ADG [Andre LECANTE]; Guyanese Socialist Party or PSG [Marie-Claude VERDAN]; Guyana Democratic Forces or FDG [Georges OTHILY]; Popular National Guyanese Party or PNPG [Jose DORCY]; Socialist Party or PS [Paul DEBRIETTE]; Union for a Popular Movement or UMP [Muriel ICARE]; Walwari Committee (aligned with the PRG in France) [Christine TAUBIRA-DELANON]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
NA
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
WCL, WFTU
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas department of France)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas department of France)
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
the flag of France is used

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   Economy    French Guiana
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
The economy is tied closely to the larger French economy through subsidies and imports. Besides the French space center at Kourou (which accounts for 25% of GDP), fishing and forestry are the most important economic activities. Forest and woodland cover 90% of the country. The large reserves of tropical hardwoods, not fully exploited, support an expanding sawmill industry that provides sawn logs for export. Cultivation of crops is limited to the coastal area, where the population is largely concentrated; rice and manioc are the major crops. French Guiana is heavily dependent on imports of food and energy. Unemployment is a serious problem, particularly among younger workers.
GDP:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
purchasing power parity - $1.551 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
purchasing power parity - $8,300 (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: NA
industry: NA
services: NA (2001 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA
highest 10%: NA
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1.5% (2002 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
58,800 (1997)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture 18.2%, industry 21.2%, services, government, and commerce 60.6% (1980)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
22% (2001)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $225 million
expenditures: $390 million, including capital expenditures of $105 million (1996)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
corn, rice, manioc (tapioca), sugar, cocoa, vegetables, bananas; cattle, pigs, poultry
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
construction, shrimp processing, forestry products, rum, gold mining
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
455 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
423.2 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
6,500 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2001)
Exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$155 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
shrimp, timber, gold, rum, rosewood essence, clothing
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
France 62%, Switzerland 7%, US 2% (2001)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$625 million c.i.f. (2002 est.)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
food (grains, processed meat), machinery and transport equipment, fuels and chemicals
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
France 63%, US, Trinidad and Tobago, Italy (2002 est.)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$1.2 billion (1988)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
NA (1995)
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
euro (EUR)
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
EUR
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
Euros per US dollar - 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001), 1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
calendar year

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   Communications    French Guiana
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
51,000 (2001)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
138,200 (2002)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: NA
domestic: fair open-wire and microwave radio relay system
international: country code - 594; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 2, FM 14 (including 6 repeaters), shortwave 6 (including 5 repeaters) (1998)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
3 (plus eight low-power repeaters) (1997)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.gf
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
3,200 (2002)

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   Transportation    French Guiana
Highways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 722 km
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km (1996)
Waterways:
Definition Field Listing
3,760 km
note: 460 km navigable by small oceangoing vessels and coastal and river steamers; 3,300 km by native craft (2004)
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
Cayenne, Degrad des Cannes, Saint-Laurent du Maroni
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing
none
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
11 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 4
over 3,047 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 2
under 914 m: 1 (2003 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 7
914 to 1,523 m: 2
under 914 m: 5 (2003 est.)

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   Military    French Guiana
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
no regular military forces; Gendarmerie
Military manpower - availability:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 52,294 (2004 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 33,914 (2004 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing
defense is the responsibility of France

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   Transnational Issues    French Guiana
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
Suriname claims area between Riviere Litani and Riviere Marouini (both headwaters of the Lawa)
Illicit drugs:
Definition Field Listing
small amount of marijuana grown for local consumption; minor transshipment point to Europe

Large portions of this information is from the US government open source publication "The World Factbook", other content copyright © Stratus-Pikpuk, Inc. You may use this information without permission for educational or other non-profit purposes if you refer to us as the source, contact us if you want to use this commercially.


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