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  Djibouti  
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  Introduction
  Geography
  People
  Government
  Economy
  Communications
  Transportation
  Military
  Transnational Issues

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Map of Djibouti

DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Djibouti
Background:
Definition Field Listing
The French Territory of the Afars and the Issas became Djibouti in 1977. Hassan Gouled APTIDON installed an authoritarian one-party state and proceeded to serve three consecutive six-year terms as president. Unrest among the Afars minority during the 1990s led to multi-party elections resulting in President Ismail Omar GUELLEH attaining office in May 1999. A peace accord in 2001 ended the final phases of a ten-year uprising by Afar rebels. Djibouti occupies a very strategic geographic location at the mouth of the Red Sea and serves as an important transshipment location for goods entering and leaving the east African highlands. GUELLEH favors close ties to France, which maintains a significant military presence in the country.

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   Geography    Djibouti
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, between Eritrea and Somalia
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
11 30 N, 43 00 E
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Africa
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 23,000 sq km
land: 22,980 sq km
water: 20 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
slightly smaller than Massachusetts
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
total: 516 km
border countries: Eritrea 109 km, Ethiopia 349 km, Somalia 58 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
314 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
desert; torrid, dry
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Lac Assal -155 m
highest point: Moussa Ali 2,028 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
geothermal areas
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 0.04%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 99.96% (2001)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
10 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
earthquakes; droughts; occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Indian Ocean bring heavy rains and flash floods
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
inadequate supplies of potable water; limited arable land; desertification; endangered species
Environment - international agreements:
Definition Field Listing
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
strategic location near world's busiest shipping lanes and close to Arabian oilfields; terminus of rail traffic into Ethiopia; mostly wasteland; Lac Assal (Lake Assal) is the lowest point in Africa

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   People    Djibouti
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
466,900 (July 2004 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 43.2% (male 101,168; female 100,545)
15-64 years: 53.7% (male 131,320; female 119,387)
65 years and over: 3.1% (male 7,327; female 7,153) (2004 est.)
Median age:
Definition Field Listing
total: 18.3 years
male: 18.8 years
female: 17.7 years (2004 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
2.1% (2004 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
40.39 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
19.42 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.02 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 105.54 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 113.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 97.54 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total population: 43.12 years
male: 41.83 years
female: 44.44 years (2004 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
5.48 children born/woman (2004 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
2.9% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
9,100 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
690 (2003 est.)
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Djiboutian(s)
adjective: Djiboutian
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
Somali 60%, Afar 35%, French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian 5%
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Muslim 94%, Christian 6%
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 67.9%
male: 78%
female: 58.4% (2003 est.)

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   Government    Djibouti
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Republic of Djibouti
conventional short form: Djibouti
former: French Territory of the Afars and Issas, French Somaliland
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
republic
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Djibouti
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
5 districts (cercles, singular - cercle); 'Ali Sabih, Dikhil, Djibouti, Obock, Tadjoura
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
27 June 1977 (from France)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Independence Day, 27 June (1977)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
multiparty constitution approved by referendum 4 September 1992
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
based on French civil law system, traditional practices, and Islamic law
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal adult
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: President Ismail Omar GUELLEH (since 8 May 1999)
head of government: Prime Minister DILEITA Mohamed Dileita (since 4 March 2001)
cabinet: Council of Ministers responsible to the president
elections: president elected by popular vote for a six-year term; election last held 9 April 1999 (next to be held NA 2005); prime minister appointed by the president
election results: Ismail Omar GUELLEH elected president; percent of vote - Ismail Omar GUELLEH 74.4%, IDRIS Moussa Ahmed 25.6%
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral Chamber of Deputies or Chambre des Deputes (65 seats; members elected by popular vote for five-year terms)
elections: last held 10 January 2003 (next to be held NA January 2008)
election results: percent of vote - RPP 62.2%, FRUD 36.9%; seats - RPP 65, FRUD 0; note - RPP (the ruling party) dominated the election
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Supreme Court or Cour Supreme
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Democratic National Party or PND [ADEN Robleh Awaleh]; Democratic Renewal Party or PRD [Abdillahi HAMARITEH]; Djibouti Development Party or PDD [Mohamed Daoud CHEHEM]; Front pour la Restauration de l'Unite Democratique or FRUD [Ali Mohamed DAOUD]; People's Progress Assembly or RPP (governing party) [Ismail Omar GUELLEH]; Peoples Social Democratic Party or PPSD [Moumin Bahdon FARAH]; Republican Alliance for Democracy or ARD [Ahmed Dini AHMED]; Union for Democracy and Justice or UDJ [leader NA]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Union for Presidential Majority UMP (coalition includes RPP, FRUD, PPSD and PND); Union for Democratic Changeover or UAD (opposition coalition includes ARD, MRDD, UDJ, and PDD) [Ahmed Dini AHMED]
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, AU, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, LAS, NAM, OIC, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador ROBLE Olhaye
chancery: Suite 515, 1156 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20005
telephone: [1] (202) 331-0270
FAX: [1] (202) 331-0302
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador Marguerita RAGSDALE
embassy: Plateau du Serpent, Boulevard Marechal Joffre, Djibouti
mailing address: B. P. 185, Djibouti
telephone: [253] 35 39 95
FAX: [253] 35 39 40
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
two equal horizontal bands of light blue (top) and light green with a white isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bearing a red five-pointed star in the center

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   Economy    Djibouti
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
The economy is based on service activities connected with the country's strategic location and status as a free trade zone in northeast Africa. Two-thirds of the inhabitants live in the capital city, the remainder being mostly nomadic herders. Scanty rainfall limits crop production to fruits and vegetables, and most food must be imported. Djibouti provides services as both a transit port for the region and an international transshipment and refueling center. It has few natural resources and little industry. The nation is, therefore, heavily dependent on foreign assistance to help support its balance of payments and to finance development projects. An unemployment rate of 50% continues to be a major problem. Inflation is not a concern, however, because of the fixed tie of the franc to the US dollar. Per capita consumption dropped an estimated 35% over the last seven years because of recession, civil war, and a high population growth rate (including immigrants and refugees). Faced with a multitude of economic difficulties, the government has fallen in arrears on long-term external debt and has been struggling to meet the stipulations of foreign aid donors.
GDP:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
purchasing power parity - $619 million (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
3.5% (2002 est.)
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
purchasing power parity - $1,300 (2002 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 3.5%
industry: 15.8%
services: 80.7% (2001 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
50% (2001 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA
highest 10%: NA
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
2% (2002 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
282,000 (2000)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
50% (2000 est.)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $135 million
expenditures: $182 million, including capital expenditures of NA (1999 est.)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
fruits, vegetables; goats, sheep, camels
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
construction, agricultural processing
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
3% (1996 est.)
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
180 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
167.4 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
11,300 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2001)
Exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$155 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
reexports, hides and skins, coffee (in transit)
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
Somalia 61.6%, Yemen 21.7%, Pakistan 6.1%, Ethiopia 4.5% (2003 est.)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$665 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
foods, beverages, transport equipment, chemicals, petroleum products
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
Saudi Arabia 20.2%, Ethiopia 11.1%, China 9.4%, France 6.7%, UK 5.2%, US 5% (2003 est.)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$366 million (2002 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
$36 million (2001)
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
Djiboutian franc (DJF)
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
DJF
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
Djiboutian francs per US dollar - 177.721 (2003), 177.721 (2002), 177.721 (2001), 177.721 (2000), 177.721 (1999)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
calendar year

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   Communications    Djibouti
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
9,500 (2003)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
23,000 (2003)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: telephone facilities in the city of Djibouti are adequate as are the microwave radio relay connections to outlying areas of the country
domestic: microwave radio relay network
international: country code - 253; submarine cable to Jiddah, Suez, Sicily, Marseilles, Colombo, and Singapore; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean) and 1 Arabsat; Medarabtel regional microwave radio relay telephone network
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 0 (2001)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
1 (2002)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.dj
Internet hosts:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
702 (2004)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
6,500 (2003)

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   Transportation    Djibouti
Railways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 100 km (Djibouti segment of the Addis Ababa-Djibouti railway)
narrow gauge: 100 km 1.000-m gauge
note: railway under joint control of Djibouti and Ethiopia (2003)
Highways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 2,890 km
paved: 364 km
unpaved: 2,526 km (1999 est.)
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
Djibouti
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 1,369 GRT/3,030 DWT
by type: cargo 1 (2003 est.)
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
13 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 3
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1524 to 2437 m: 1 (2003 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 10
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 5
under 914 m: 3 (2003 est.)

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   Military    Djibouti
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
Djibouti National Army (including Navy and Air Force)
Military manpower - availability:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 108,771 (2004 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 64,540 (2004 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$26.5 million (2003)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
4.4% (2003)

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   Transnational Issues    Djibouti
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
Djibouti maintains economic ties and border accords with "Somaliland" leadership while maintaining some political ties to various factions in Somalia including the Somali Transitional National Government in Mogadishu

Large portions of this information is from the US government open source publication "The World Factbook", other content copyright © Stratus-Pikpuk, Inc. You may use this information without permission for educational or other non-profit purposes if you refer to us as the source, contact us if you want to use this commercially.


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