Top banner
ZL's Geographycards

         
  Central African Republic  
Flag of Central African Republic
Click to enlarge
Categories Banner
  Introduction
  Geography
  People
  Government
  Economy
  Communications
  Transportation
  Military
  Transnational Issues

This is a page with information about Central African Republic . Being prepared with good info about Central African Republic will make a trip there easier. Don't go to Central African Republic without first checking this page.

Detailed and accurate educational information about every country in the world. Important resource for kids and adults who want to know more about geography. If you are interested in geography you should also take a look at this educational geography card game for all ages.  


Country map showing major cities and other features.


Map of Central African Republic

DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Central African Republic
Background:
Definition Field Listing
The former French colony of Ubangi-Shari became the Central African Republic upon independence in 1960. After three tumultuous decades of misrule - mostly by military governments - civilian rule was established in 1993 and lasted for one decade. In March 2003 a military coup led by General Francois BOZIZE deposed the civilian government of President Ange-Felix PATASSE and has since established a transitional government. Though the government has the tacit support of civil society groups and the main parties, this is likely to weaken in the run-up to municipal, legislative, and presidential elections scheduled for December 2004 or January 2005. The government still does not fully control the countryside, where pockets of lawlessness persist.

Learn geography the easy way by playing ZL's Geographycards (www.geographycards.com)

   Geography    Central African Republic
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Central Africa, north of Democratic Republic of the Congo
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
7 00 N, 21 00 E
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Africa
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 622,984 sq km
land: 622,984 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
slightly smaller than Texas
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
total: 5,203 km
border countries: Cameroon 797 km, Chad 1,197 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,577 km, Republic of the Congo 467 km, Sudan 1,165 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
none (landlocked)
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
vast, flat to rolling, monotonous plateau; scattered hills in northeast and southwest
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Oubangui River 335 m
highest point: Mont Ngaoui 1,420 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 3.1%
permanent crops: 0.14%
other: 96.76% (2001)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
NA sq km
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds affect northern areas; floods are common
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
tap water is not potable; poaching has diminished the country's reputation as one of the last great wildlife refuges; desertification; deforestation
Environment - international agreements:
Definition Field Listing
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 94
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
landlocked; almost the precise center of Africa

Learn geography the easy way by playing ZL's Geographycards (www.geographycards.com)

   People    Central African Republic
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
3,742,482
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2004 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 42.8% (male 806,506; female 795,639)
15-64 years: 53.8% (male 990,522; female 1,021,491)
65 years and over: 3.4% (male 53,860; female 74,464) (2004 est.)
Median age:
Definition Field Listing
total: 18 years
male: 17.7 years
female: 18.4 years (2004 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
1.56% (2004 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
35.55 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
19.99 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 92.15 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 99.09 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 84.99 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total population: 41.36 years
male: 39.7 years
female: 43.08 years (2004 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
4.59 children born/woman (2004 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
13.5% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
260,000 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
23,000 (2003 est.)
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Central African(s)
adjective: Central African
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
Baya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
indigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15%
note: animistic beliefs and practices strongly influence the Christian majority
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 51%
male: 63.3%
female: 39.9% (2003 est.)

Learn geography the easy way by playing ZL's Geographycards (www.geographycards.com)

   Government    Central African Republic
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Central African Republic
conventional short form: none
local long form: Republique Centrafricaine
local short form: none
former: Ubangi-Shari, Central African Empire
abbreviation: CAR
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
republic
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Bangui
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
14 prefectures (prefectures, singular - prefecture), 2 economic prefectures* (prefectures economiques, singular - prefecture economique), and 1 commune**; Bamingui-Bangoran, Bangui**, Basse-Kotto, Haute-Kotto, Haut-Mbomou, Kemo, Lobaye, Mambere-Kadei, Mbomou, Nana-Grebizi*, Nana-Mambere, Ombella-Mpoko, Ouaka, Ouham, Ouham-Pende, Sangha-Mbaere*, Vakaga
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
13 August 1960 (from France)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Republic Day, 1 December (1958)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
passed by referendum 29 December 1994; adopted 7 January 1995
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
based on French law
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
21 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: President Francois BOZIZE (since 15 March 2003 coup) and Vice President Abel GOUMA (since 12 December 2003)
head of government: Prime Minister Celestin GAOMBALET (since 12 December 2003)
cabinet: Council of Ministers
elections: NA; municipal, legislative and presidential elections scheduled for December 2004 or January 2005; prime minister appointed by the president
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (109 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms; note - there were 85 seats in the National Assembly before the 1998 election)
elections: last held 22-23 November and 13 December 1998 (next to be held NA 2004)
election results: percent of vote by party - MLPC 43%, RDC 18%, MDD 9%, FPP 6%, PSD 5%, ADP 4%, PUN 3%, FODEM 2%, PLD 2%, UPR 1%, FC 1%, independents 6%; seats by party - MLPC 47, RDC 20, MDD 8, FPP 7, PSD 6, ADP 5, PUN 3, FODEM 2, PLD 2, UPR 1, FC 1, independents 7
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Supreme Court or Cour Supreme; Constitutional Court (3 judges appointed by the president, 3 by the president of the National Assembly, and 3 by fellow judges); Court of Appeal; Criminal Courts; Inferior Courts
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Alliance for Democracy and Progress or ADP [Jacques MBOLIEDAS]; Central African Democratic Assembly or RDC [Andre KOLINGBA]; Civic Forum or FC [Gen. Timothee MALENDOMA]; Democratic Forum for Modernity or FODEM [Charles MASSI]; Liberal Democratic Party or PLD [Nestor KOMBO-NAGUEMON]; Movement for Democracy and Development or MDD [David DACKO]; Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People or MLPC [the party of deposed president, Ange-Felix PATASSE]; Patriotic Front for Progress or FPP [Abel GOUMBA]; People's Union for the Republic or UPR [Pierre Sammy MAKFOY]; National Unity Party or PUN [Jean-Paul NGOUPANDE]; Social Democratic Party or PSD [Enoch LAKOUE]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
NA
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, BDEAC, CEMAC, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM, OIC (observer), OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador Emmanuel TOUABOY
chancery: 1618 22nd Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 483-7800
FAX: [1] (202) 332-9893
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant)
embassy: Avenue David Dacko, Bangui
mailing address: B. P. 924, Bangui
telephone: [236] 61 02 00
FAX: [236] 61 44 94
note: The embassy is currently operating with a minimal staff
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
four equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, green, and yellow with a vertical red band in center; there is a yellow five-pointed star on the hoist side of the blue band

Learn geography the easy way by playing ZL's Geographycards (www.geographycards.com)

   Economy    Central African Republic
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
Subsistence agriculture, together with forestry, remains the backbone of the economy of the Central African Republic (CAR), with more than 70% of the population living in outlying areas. The agricultural sector generates half of GDP. Timber has accounted for about 16% of export earnings and the diamond industry for 54%. Important constraints to economic development include the CAR's landlocked position, a poor transportation system, a largely unskilled work force, and a legacy of misdirected macroeconomic policies. Factional fighting between the government and its opponents remains a drag on economic revitalization, with GDP likely to contract in 2004. Distribution of income is extraordinarily unequal. Grants from France and the international community can only partially meet humanitarian needs.
GDP:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
purchasing power parity - $4.183 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
-7% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
purchasing power parity - $1,100 (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 55%
industry: 20%
services: 25% (2001 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA (1993)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: 0.7%
highest 10%: 47.7% (1993)
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
Definition Field Listing
61.3 (1993)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
3.6% (2001 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2000 est.)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
8% (23% for Bangui) (2001 est.)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: NA
expenditures: NA, including capital expenditures of NA
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
cotton, coffee, tobacco, manioc (tapioca), yams, millet, corn, bananas; timber
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
diamond mining, logging, brewing, textiles, footwear, assembly of bicycles and motorcycles
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
3% (2002)
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
106 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
98.63 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
2,400 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA (2001)
Exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$172 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
diamonds, timber, cotton, coffee, tobacco
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
Belgium 42.5%, Italy 10.8%, Spain 10%, France 7.5%, Indonesia 6.7% (2003 est.)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$136 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
food, textiles, petroleum products, machinery, electrical equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, pharmaceuticals
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
France 27%, Cameroon 9.2%, US 5.3% (2003 est.)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$881.4 million (2000 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
ODA $73 million; note - traditional budget subsidies from France (2000 est.)
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF); note - responsible authority is the Bank of the Central African States
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
XAF
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XAF) per US dollar - 581.2 (2003), 696.988 (2002), 733.039 (2001), 711.976 (2000), 615.699 (1999)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
calendar year

Learn geography the easy way by playing ZL's Geographycards (www.geographycards.com)

   Communications    Central African Republic
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
9,000 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
13,000 (2003)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: fair system
domestic: network consists principally of microwave radio relay and low-capacity, low-powered radiotelephone communication
international: country code - 236; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 1, FM 5, shortwave 1 (2002)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
1 (2001)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.cf
Internet hosts:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
6 (2002)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
5,000 (2002)

Learn geography the easy way by playing ZL's Geographycards (www.geographycards.com)

   Transportation    Central African Republic
Highways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 23,810 km
paved: 643 km
unpaved: 23,167 km (1999 est.)
Waterways:
Definition Field Listing
2,800 km (primarily on the Oubangui and Sangha rivers) (2004)
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
Bangui, Nola, Salo, Nzinga
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
50 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 3
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2 (2003 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 47
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 10
914 to 1,523 m: 23
under 914 m: 13 (2003 est.)

Learn geography the easy way by playing ZL's Geographycards (www.geographycards.com)

   Military    Central African Republic
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
Central African Armed Forces (FACA): Republican Guard, Ground Forces, Naval Forces, Air Force
Military manpower - availability:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 878,980 (2004 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 460,469 (2004 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$14.5 million (2003)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1.1% (2003)

Learn geography the easy way by playing ZL's Geographycards (www.geographycards.com)

   Transnational Issues    Central African Republic
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
internal political instabilities with fighting and violence overlap into Chad and CAR, leaving refugees and rebel groups in both countries; Sudan has pledged to work with CAR to stem violent skirmishes over water and grazing rights among related pastoral populations along the border

Large portions of this information is from the US government open source publication "The World Factbook", other content copyright © Stratus-Pikpuk, Inc. You may use this information without permission for educational or other non-profit purposes if you refer to us as the source, contact us if you want to use this commercially.


Bottom Banner